How to register a company
Sole proprietorships and general or joint partnerships can be set up online and registered with the trade register. This service is partially available for corporations and limited liability companies.
In November 2017, SECO launched EasyGov, its online portal to facilitate those administrative procedures which are mandatory for businesses.
EasyGov makes it possible to set up a sole proprietorship, limited liability company, corporation, general partnership or limited partnership.
Using the online portal for businesses, entrepreneurs can also register a new business with the compensation office for Old-Age pension and Survivors’ Insurance (OASI), VAT and Accident Insurance (for all legal forms of businesses).
EasyGov also allows notification of the company to the trade register (for sole proprietorships, general or limited partnerships). For setting up a limited liability company or corporation, EasyGov helps prepare the documentation for notarial certification. Registration in the trade register occurs only after the preparation of the founding document with the notary.
The rules for creating the name of the company depend on its legal structure. These are listed below.
- The family name must form part of the company name.
- Additions are possible (only if they do not presume the existence of relations between the company and other persons).
Then, the cantonal office checks in the trade register whether a company with an identical name already exists. However, the trade register office does not check the risk of confusion with similar company names. Checks may however be required through legal channels by the owner of the older of the two companies. If there are no obstacles spotted during the checks, registration in the trade register occurs.
The costs of registering with the trade register vary according to the company’s legal structure. Depending on the complexity and workload of the trade register office concerned, registration takes between 5 and 60 days.
Registration of the commercial activity before public registration in the trade register is possible. For the SA or SARL to have access to share capital or company capital, respectively, deposited with the bank before publication in the Swiss Official Gazette of Commerce (FOSC), an advance excerpt from the trade register must be ordered from the cantonal office, against payment of a tax. Before registration in the trade register, the company will have “SA/SARL (establishment in progress)” as its company name.
It is legal to carry out operations on behalf of the company being set up, even before registration in the trade register. If registration were not to occur, the company would, from a legal point of view, be regarded as an ordinary company. This means that all partners would answer jointly and severally for the rights and obligations contracted.
A company's founder or any person requesting registration with the trade register is required to complete the Stampa Declaration and the Lex Friedrich Declaration.